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Chemical structure of JWH-018, a simple naphthoylindole

Naphthoylindoles are a class of synthetic cannabinoids.[1]


Behaving similarly in vivo to endocannabinoids such as anandamide or 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG), Naphthoylindoles can bind to endocannabinoid receptors in animals, presenting as CB1 and/or CB2 partial/full agonists.


They have gained notoriety over the years for illicit usage and distribution in Europe and North America, typically marketed as "herbal incense blends."[2]

See also


  1. ^ Manera C, Tuccinardi T, Martinelli A (2008). "Indoles and related compounds as cannabinoid ligands". Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry. 8 (4): 370–87. doi:10.2174/138955708783955935. PMID 18473928.
  2. ^ "Synthetic cannabinoids drug profile". emcdda.europa.eu. EMCDDA. Retrieved 21 May 2023.