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Siegbert Einstein (25 October 1889, Bad Buchau – 24 December 1968, Riedlingen) was a German-Jewish politician, factory worker, civil servant,[n 1] lawyer,[1] Holocaust survivor,[2][n 2] and the last Jew who lived in the Jewish community in Bad Buchau.[3][4]

Early life

Siegbert Einstein was born in Bad Buchau on 25 October 1889, the second son of Martin Einstein & Sally Dreyfus Einstein and the great-nephew of Albert Einstein.[3][5]

Career

Einstein joined the German Army as a reserve lieutenant in the Reserve Infantry Regiment No. 51 of the Württemberg Army. He fought in World War I and was awarded the Iron Cross 1st Class and the Friedrich Order.[3][6]

He worked at Schussenrieder Street, 29. Soon afterwards he started operating in a fabric factory under the name "Einstein & Erlanger". The business was partly owned by his family and closed in 1938; Einstein had to work as a factory worker at a butter factory in Riedlingen.[7][3]

On 21 February 1945, he was deported to Theresienstadt concentration camp,[8][3] but he survived and returned to Bad Buchau in late June 1945, now in the French occupation zone.

In September 1946, Einstein wrote a letter on the transport of the Jews taken to Stuttgart in 1942, he reports that he accompanied the transport to Stuttgart, he cared for the victims and also counted them. In April 1947, Einstein wrote another letter regarding the transport to Theresienstadt in 1942, that the Nazi paramedics had sent some of their relatives and acquaintances to the concentration camp.[3][9] The 270 Jews who lived in the city of Buchau were deported in the Holocaust; only Einstein and three others returned to the city after the war.[n 3][9]

In September 1946, Einstein was elected deputy mayor of Bad Buchau.[10][n 4] He supervised and maintained the Jewish cemetery, Bad Buchau [de];[n 5] he also proposed a memorial in honor of the Buchau Jewish community who had fallen victim to Nazism or were forced to emigrate.[n 6]

In 1950, Einstein purchased the land from the Synagoge (Bad Buchau) [de] (destroyed by the Nazis in 1938). Einstein planted a weeping willow in 1951, and the space was opened to the public. Today the space belongs to Jost Einstein, Siegbert's grandson, who is the director of the Center for Nature Conservation of Bad Buchau.[8]

Personal life

After the end of the war, Siegbert married Elsa Schlittler; because she was an Aryan, Siegbert had additional privileges under the Nazis.[10] They had two children, Rolf Einstein and Kurt Einstein, who were raised Lutheran Christians.[11] He was a distant relative of Albert Einstein.[12]

He died on 24 December 1968 at the age of 79 and was the last Jew buried in the Jewish Cemetery of Buchau.[13]

Awards and honors

In 1959, Einstein received the Order of Merit because of his public work and efforts in the care of the Jewish community.[10][14]

Bibliography

  • Charlotte Mayenberger: Juden in Buchau. (Landkreis Biberach – Geschichte und Kultur, Band 8), Federsee-Verlag, Bad Buchau 2008.
  • Joseph Mohn, Der Leidensweg unter dem Hakenkreuz. Aus der Geschichte von Stadt und Stift Buchau am Federsee, hrsg. von der Stadt Bad Buchau, Bad Buchau 1970.

Notes

  1. ^ Buchauer Nachrichten, p.53
  2. ^ Buchauer Nachrichten, pp.15-17
  3. ^ Buchauer Nachrichten, p.48
  4. ^ Buchauer Nachrichten, pp.48-49
  5. ^ Buchauer Nachrichten, pp.62-63, 70
  6. ^ Buchauer Nachrichten, p.77

References

  1. ^ Der Physiker Albert Einstein und die Buchauer Einstein George Arnstein (2003). (In German)
  2. ^ "Holocaust Survivors and Victims Database -- Siegbert EINSTEIN". Ushmm.org. Retrieved 5 August 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Schwäbische Zeitung" (PDF). Judeninbuchau.de (in German). pp. 3, 9. Retrieved 2018-07-10.
  4. ^ Bad Buchau (Landkreis Biberach) Jüdische Geschichte/ Betsäle/ Synagogen Alemannia Judaica (in German)
  5. ^ "Juden in Buchau". juedische-friedhoefe.info. Retrieved 2018-11-07.
  6. ^ Kriegsministerium (Hrsg.): Königlich Württembergisches Militär-Verordnungsblatt. Personal-Nachrichten. Nr. 58 vom 16. Oktober 1916, S. 632.
  7. ^ "Texte zur jüdischen Geschichte in Bad Buchau (Kreis Biberach)". Alemannia-judaica.de. Retrieved 5 August 2018.
  8. ^ a b "Schwäbische - Das regionale Nachrichtenportal in Baden-Württemberg". Schwaebische.de. Retrieved 5 August 2018.
  9. ^ a b e.V., Studentenwerk Weiße Rose. "DENKStättenkuratorium NS-Dokumentation Oberschwaben: Bad Buchau: Denkort Bahnhof Grünanlage Schussenriederstraße". Dsk-nsdoku-oberschwaben.de. Retrieved 5 August 2018.
  10. ^ a b c "Jüdische Gemeinde: Bad Buchau". Bad-buchau.de. Retrieved 5 August 2018.
  11. ^ Schnittmengen und Scheidelinien: Juden und Christen in Oberschwaben (2011), p. 276, Hoffmann, Andrea - Tübinger Vereinigung für Volkskunde.
  12. ^ The Life and Times (2011). p. 9, Clark, Ronald W. - Bloomsbury Publishing.
  13. ^ "Bad Buchau - Jüdische Friedhöfe in Deutschland und angrenzenden Ländern". Juedische-friedhoefe.info. Retrieved 5 August 2018.
  14. ^ "AJR Information" (PDF). Ajr.org.uk. February 1960. Retrieved 5 August 2018.