Potency and safety analysis of hemp-derived delta-9 products: The hemp vs. cannabis demarcation problem

2022 Aqaba toxic gas leak
Port of Aqaba is located in Jordan
Port of Aqaba
Port of Aqaba
Date27 June 2022 (2022-06-27)
LocationAqaba New Port, Jordan
Coordinates29°21′46.5″N 34°57′45.5″E / 29.362917°N 34.962639°E / 29.362917; 34.962639
Also known asPort of Aqaba
CauseChemical storage container fell onto a docked ship in the port and ruptured, spilling 25 tons of chlorine
Deaths13
Non-fatal injuries265

On 27 June 2022, a toxic gas leak occurred at the Port of Aqaba, Jordan, when a container carrying 25 tons of chlorine fell from a crane onto a docked ship and ruptured. The incident killed at least thirteen people and injured more than 265 people.

Accident

On 27 June 2022, 16:15 local time, a crane was loading one of several pressurized chemical storage containers onto the container ship Forest 6 for export to Djibouti.[1][2] The crane's cabling system failed, and one container, containing about 25 tonnes (55,000 lb) of chlorine, fell onto the ship and ruptured, causing the chemical to burst from the container. A cloud of bright yellow gas spread throughout the port as people ran away.[3][2] This accident caused thirteen deaths and 265 injuries at the port.[4]

According to Haj Hassan, deputy chief of the Aqaba Region Ports Authority, an "iron rope carrying a container containing a toxic substance broke, resulting in the fall and escape of the poisonous substance". The ship was waiting to load an additional 20 containers with high percentage chlorine.[5]

A video of the incident was posted to Twitter by Jordanian state TV[2] and another by the newspaper Al Ghad.[6]

Response

Chlorine gas is toxic to humans. When inhaled and mixed with moisture within the human body, it creates hypochlorous and hydrochloric acid, both which can create oxygen free radicals that break down cell walls in the pulmonary system, which can lead to irritation under mild exposure, but can be as toxic to create pulmonary edema, acute respiratory distress syndrome, chronic respiratory problems, and death.[7]

The port was immediately evacuated while first responders worked to give medical attention to affected dock workers. The injured were transported to two state hospitals, a field hospital, and a private facility. Aqaba health director Jamal Obeidat said that Aqaba hospitals were full and that the "injured people are in medium to critical condition".[8] Information Minister Faisal Al Shboul said the government sent a field hospital and medical equipment. According to state media at least one plane evacuated wounded to Amman.[9]

Israeli defense minister Benny Gantz offered assistance saying "As we've told our friends in Jordan, the Israeli defense establishment is ready to assist with any effort, by any means necessary".[8]

Though the port was far from the city, and slow winds prevented the gas from spreading, city health official took precaution and instructed residents to close their windows and stay inside.[2] The highway patrol blocked all roads leading to Aqaba.[10] A nearby tourist beach, only 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) from the port, was evacuated and closed.[3] The port's grain storage and processing units were also shut down as to inspect the storage for any contamination from the chlorine gas. The rest of the port was expected to return to operations once it was deemed safe to return.[2]

Investigation

Prime Minister Bisher Al-Khasawneh instructed the Interior Minister to head an inquiry into the accident.[3]

The Prime Minister later informed the cabinet that the investigation revealed “great deficiency and negligence in safety protocols for dealing with hazardous materials in the Aqaba port.”[11] As a result, senior port officials including the director general of state-owned Aqaba Company for Ports Operation and Management and other port officials were dismissed from service.[11][12] They had delegated critical safety related tasks to untrained personnel.[13]

The investigation revealed that the accident was caused by "lack of conformity" of the cargo sling's load rating with the weight of the cargo. The wire rope sling was rated at 8.5 tonnes but it was used to hoist four 25-tonne containers of chlorine from the pier to the ship in a row prior to it breaking.[14] The wire rope parted while loading the fifth container which weighed 28.9 tonnes.[11]

The Interior Minister Mazin Abdellah Hilal Al Farrayeh stated that the results of the investigation will be handed to the public prosecutor.[13]

References

  1. ^ "Toxic gas leak in Jordan kills at least 12 people, injures hundreds". CNN. 28 June 2022.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Ten dead, 251 injured in chlorine gas leak at Jordan's Aqaba port". Reuters. 27 June 2022.
  3. ^ a b c "Toxic gas leak at Jordan's Aqaba port kills 10, injures hundreds". BBC. 27 June 2022.
  4. ^ "UPDATE: At least a dozen killed due to gas leak in Aqaba". Roya News. 27 June 2022.
  5. ^ "Jordan toxic gas blast kills 10, injures over 200". France24. 27 June 2022.
  6. ^ Al Ghad [@AlghadNews] (June 27, 2022). "#عاجل | لحظة وقوع كارثة الغاز السام في ميناء العقبة" [The moment of the poison gas disaster in the port of Aqaba] (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  7. ^ Jones, Robert; Wills, Brandon; Kang, Christopher (May 2010). "Chlorine Gas: An Evolving Hazardous Material Threat and Unconventional Weapon". Western Journal of Emergency Medicine. 11 (2): 151–156. PMC 2908650. PMID 20823965.
  8. ^ a b "Israel offers Jordan aid as Aqaba hospitals fill up". Times of Israel. AFP. 27 June 2022.
  9. ^ "Jordan: Aqaba port chlorine explosion kills 10 and injures 250". The National. 27 June 2022.
  10. ^ "Highway Patrol Department closes off all roads to Aqaba". Roya News. 27 June 2022.
  11. ^ a b c "Jordan Dismisses Officials in Wake of Aqaba Port Incident". Asharq AL-awsat. Retrieved 2022-07-05.
  12. ^ Al-Khalidi, Suleiman (2022-07-03). "Jordan dismisses port officials following chlorine gas leak". Reuters. Retrieved 2022-07-05.
  13. ^ a b "Aqaba container leak cause revealed as port officials dismissed". Port Technology International. 2022-07-04. Retrieved 2022-07-05.
  14. ^ "Insurance Marine News". 5 July 2022. pp. Email Newsletter dated 05 July 2022. Retrieved 5 July 2022.